Great Auk
Pinguinus impennis

The Birds of Great Britain
Vol.5 - Plate No. 46
Weight: 4 kilograms
The Great Auk is a large sea bird which used to be found in the North Atlantic, but the last pair was caught in Iceland in 1844 and became extinct. Their wings were small and they could not fly. They were called pinguinus (penguin) in Welsh, as can be seen from their scientific name. The penguins of the Antarctic were named after them, because they resembled Great Auks. Ornithologically, auks and penguins belong to different groups. They were heavy birds, and were hunted for their meat to extinction.